Magento: Add admin user with MySQL statement in the database

4. April 2016 at 11:34

sql-statement-mysql

This script quickly adds a Magento Admin user directly into the database. It is possible to run this script from the command line or by copying and pasting into phpMyAdmin. Just make sure to edit the following fields with your personalized data and import. Most of these fields are trivial, I’m just listing them so you don’t miss anything.

Set the salt portion of your password. You’ll rarely need to change this. If you do, just use two lower case letters of your choice.
Set your password. At least 8 characters in length and at least one digit.
Firstname: Enter admin’s first name.
Lastname: Enter admin’s last name.
Enter email of admin user.
Enter username where ‘myuser’ is set. Notice ‘myuser’ shows up in two places.
Enter Firstname again. This is more symbolic to label the rule.

LOCK TABLES `admin_role` WRITE , `admin_user` WRITE;
SET @SALT = "rp";
SET @PASS = CONCAT(MD5(CONCAT( @SALT , "password") ), CONCAT(":", @SALT ));
SELECT @EXTRA := MAX(extra) FROM admin_user WHERE extra IS NOT NULL;
INSERT INTO `admin_user` (firstname,lastname,email,username,password,created,lognum,reload_acl_flag,is_active,extra,rp_token_created_at)
VALUES ('Firstname','Lastname','email@example.com','myuser',@PASS,NOW(),0,0,1,@EXTRA,NOW());
INSERT INTO `admin_role` (parent_id,tree_level,sort_order,role_type,user_id,role_name)
VALUES (1,2,0,'U',(SELECT user_id FROM admin_user WHERE username = 'myuser'),'Firstname');
UNLOCK TABLES;

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Magento: A foreign key constraint fails when reindex – Solution

30. März 2016 at 14:08

magento-sql-query-to-delete-the-categories

Just execute the query in the database.

SET FOREIGN_KEY_CHECKS = 0;
TRUNCATE TABLE `catalog_product_bundle_option`;
TRUNCATE TABLE `catalog_product_bundle_option_value`;
TRUNCATE TABLE `catalog_product_bundle_selection`;
TRUNCATE TABLE `catalog_product_entity_datetime`;
TRUNCATE TABLE `catalog_product_entity_decimal`;
TRUNCATE TABLE `catalog_product_entity_gallery`;
TRUNCATE TABLE `catalog_product_entity_int`;
TRUNCATE TABLE `catalog_product_entity_media_gallery`;
TRUNCATE TABLE `catalog_product_entity_media_gallery_value`;
TRUNCATE TABLE `catalog_product_entity_text`;
TRUNCATE TABLE `catalog_product_entity_tier_price`;
TRUNCATE TABLE `catalog_product_entity_varchar`;
TRUNCATE TABLE `catalog_product_link`;
TRUNCATE TABLE `catalog_product_link_attribute`;
TRUNCATE TABLE `catalog_product_link_attribute_decimal`;
TRUNCATE TABLE `catalog_product_link_attribute_int`;
TRUNCATE TABLE `catalog_product_link_attribute_varchar`;
TRUNCATE TABLE `catalog_product_link_type`;
TRUNCATE TABLE `catalog_product_option`;
TRUNCATE TABLE `catalog_product_option_price`;
TRUNCATE TABLE `catalog_product_option_title`;
TRUNCATE TABLE `catalog_product_option_type_price`;
TRUNCATE TABLE `catalog_product_option_type_title`;
TRUNCATE TABLE `catalog_product_option_type_value`;
TRUNCATE TABLE `catalog_product_super_attribute_label`;
TRUNCATE TABLE `catalog_product_super_attribute_pricing`;
TRUNCATE TABLE `catalog_product_super_attribute`;
TRUNCATE TABLE `catalog_product_super_link`;
TRUNCATE TABLE `catalog_product_enabled_index`;
TRUNCATE TABLE `catalog_product_website`;
TRUNCATE TABLE `catalog_category_product_index`;
TRUNCATE TABLE `catalog_category_product`;
TRUNCATE TABLE `cataloginventory_stock_item`;
TRUNCATE TABLE `cataloginventory_stock_status`;
TRUNCATE TABLE `cataloginventory_stock`;
INSERT INTO `catalog_product_link_type`(`link_type_id`,`code`) VALUES (1,'relation'),(2,'bundle'),(3,'super'),(4,'up_sell'),(5,'cross_sell');
INSERT INTO `catalog_product_link_attribute`(`product_link_attribute_id`,`link_type_id`,`product_link_attribute_code`,`data_type`) VALUES (1,2,'qty','decimal'),(2,1,'position','int'),(3,4,'position','int'),(4,5,'position','int'),(6,1,'qty','decimal'),(7,3,'position','int'),(8,3,'qty','decimal');
INSERT INTO `cataloginventory_stock`(`stock_id`,`stock_name`) VALUES (1,'Default');
TRUNCATE TABLE `catalog_product_entity`;
SET FOREIGN_KEY_CHECKS = 1;

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Magento: Delete all categories with sql

23. März 2016 at 10:44

magento-sql-query-to-delete-the-categories

To delete all categories in Magento about sql you can use the following query.

If you has more than 3 stores, you must extend the entry „catalog_product_flat_1;“ with your store-id, e.g.:

DELETE FROM catalog_product_flat_3;
DELETE FROM catalog_product_flat_4;

and so on …

SET FOREIGN_KEY_CHECKS = 0;
TRUNCATE TABLE `catalog_category_entity`;
TRUNCATE TABLE `catalog_product_bundle_option`;
TRUNCATE TABLE `catalog_product_bundle_option_value`;
TRUNCATE TABLE `catalog_product_bundle_selection`;
TRUNCATE TABLE `catalog_product_entity_datetime`;
TRUNCATE TABLE `catalog_product_entity_decimal`;
TRUNCATE TABLE `catalog_product_entity_gallery`;
TRUNCATE TABLE `catalog_product_entity_int`;
TRUNCATE TABLE `catalog_product_entity_media_gallery`;
TRUNCATE TABLE `catalog_product_entity_media_gallery_value`;
TRUNCATE TABLE `catalog_product_entity_text`;
TRUNCATE TABLE `catalog_product_entity_tier_price`;
TRUNCATE TABLE `catalog_product_entity_varchar`;
TRUNCATE TABLE `catalog_product_link`;
TRUNCATE TABLE `catalog_product_link_attribute`;
TRUNCATE TABLE `catalog_product_link_attribute_decimal`;
TRUNCATE TABLE `catalog_product_link_attribute_int`;
TRUNCATE TABLE `catalog_product_link_attribute_varchar`;
TRUNCATE TABLE `catalog_product_link_type`;
TRUNCATE TABLE `catalog_product_option`;
TRUNCATE TABLE `catalog_product_option_price`;
TRUNCATE TABLE `catalog_product_option_title`;
TRUNCATE TABLE `catalog_product_option_type_price`;
TRUNCATE TABLE `catalog_product_option_type_title`;
TRUNCATE TABLE `catalog_product_option_type_value`;
TRUNCATE TABLE `catalog_product_super_attribute`;
TRUNCATE TABLE `catalog_product_super_attribute_label`;
TRUNCATE TABLE `catalog_product_super_attribute_pricing`;
TRUNCATE TABLE `catalog_product_super_link`;
TRUNCATE TABLE `catalog_product_enabled_index`;
TRUNCATE TABLE `catalog_product_website`;
TRUNCATE TABLE `catalog_product_entity`;
TRUNCATE TABLE `cataloginventory_stock`;
TRUNCATE TABLE `cataloginventory_stock_item`;
TRUNCATE TABLE `cataloginventory_stock_status`;
TRUNCATE TABLE `catalog_product_link`;
TRUNCATE TABLE `catalog_product_link_type`;
TRUNCATE TABLE `catalog_product_option`;
TRUNCATE TABLE `catalog_product_option_type_value`;
TRUNCATE TABLE `catalog_product_super_attribute`;
TRUNCATE TABLE `catalog_product_entity`;
TRUNCATE TABLE `cataloginventory_stock`;
TRUNCATE TABLE `catalog_category_product`;
DELETE FROM catalog_product_flat_1;
DELETE FROM catalog_product_flat_2;
DELETE FROM catalog_product_flat_3;
SET FOREIGN_KEY_CHECKS = 1;
insert  into `catalog_product_link_type`(`link_type_id`,`code`) values (1,'relation'),(2,'bundle'),(3,'super'),(4,'up_sell'),(5,'cross_sell');
insert  into `catalog_product_link_attribute`(`product_link_attribute_id`,`link_type_id`,`product_link_attribute_code`,`data_type`) values (1,2,'qty','decimal'),(2,1,'position','int'),(3,4,'position','int'),(4,5,'position','int'),(6,1,'qty','decimal'),(7,3,'position','int'),(8,3,'qty','decimal');
insert  into `cataloginventory_stock`(`stock_id`,`stock_name`) values (1,'Default');

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Magento: How to easily Debug Layout Xml Warning/Error?

16. März 2016 at 16:30

magento-xml-config-xml

If you get an error like „Warning: simplexml_load_string(): Entity: line 46: parser error : Comment not terminated in */lib/Varien/Simplexml/Config.php on line 510

in Magento you can do one of the following solution to solve this XML error.

This warning is related to some config.xml error, so a possible workaround to find out the exact file is to mod. the /lib/Varien/Simplexml/Config.php class.

You should modify Varien_Simplexml_Config::loadString() method:

public function loadString($string)
{
if (is_string($string)) {
// Enable internal errors
libxml_use_internal_errors(true);
$xml = simplexml_load_string($string, $this->_elementClass);
if (false === $xml) {
// Put breakpoint here
$errors = libxml_get_errors();
}
if ($xml instanceof Varien_Simplexml_Element) {
$this->_xml = $xml;
return true;
}
} else {
Mage::logException(new Exception('"$string" parameter for simplexml_load_string is not a string'));
}
return false;
}

In case the error is related to some Layout file ( Update.php line 444 warning )

You should modify Mage_Core_Model_Layout_Update::getFileLayoutUpdatesXml() method in a similar way:

public function getFileLayoutUpdatesXml($area, $package, $theme, $storeId = null)
{
if (null === $storeId) {
$storeId = Mage::app()->getStore()->getId();
}
/* @var $design Mage_Core_Model_Design_Package */
$design = Mage::getSingleton('core/design_package');
$layoutXml = null;
$elementClass = $this->getElementClass();
$updatesRoot = Mage::app()->getConfig()->getNode($area.'/layout/updates');
Mage::dispatchEvent('core_layout_update_updates_get_after', array('updates' => $updatesRoot));
$updateFiles = array();
foreach ($updatesRoot->children() as $updateNode) {
if ($updateNode->file) {
$module = $updateNode->getAttribute('module');
if ($module && Mage::getStoreConfigFlag('advanced/modules_disable_output/' . $module, $storeId)) {
continue;
}
$updateFiles[] = (string)$updateNode->file;
}
}
// custom local layout updates file - load always last
$updateFiles[] = 'local.xml';
$layoutStr = '';
foreach ($updateFiles as $file) {
$filename = $design->getLayoutFilename($file, array(
'_area'    => $area,
'_package' => $package,
'_theme'   => $theme
));
if (!is_readable($filename)) {
continue;
}
$fileStr = file_get_contents($filename);
$fileStr = str_replace($this->_subst['from'], $this->_subst['to'], $fileStr);
libxml_use_internal_errors(true);
$fileXml = simplexml_load_string($fileStr, $elementClass);
if (false === $fileXml) {
// Put breakpoint here
$errors = libxml_get_errors();
$err = array($filename, $errors);
// error detail and file name will be printed
Zend_Debug::dump($err);
die();
}
if (!$fileXml instanceof SimpleXMLElement) {
continue;
}
$layoutStr .= $fileXml->innerXml();
}
$layoutXml = simplexml_load_string('<layouts>'.$layoutStr.'</layouts>', $elementClass);
return $layoutXml;
}

Now just reload the page a read the error info.

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If your Magento Admin Backend is down by activated the magento compiler mode

19. Januar 2015 at 14:06

magento ecommerce logo

If your Magento Admin Backend is down by activated the magento compiler mode,
here some reasons and solutions.

A possible reason is an active compilation status, check it about the console/bash/ssh
and if it is active, Disabling Magento compiler when Magento Admin Backend is inaccessible / down.

The Solution to deactivate the compiler mode

Console/SSH

    Check current compilation status

$ php -f shell/compiler.php — state
Compiler Status:          Enabled
Compilation State:        Compiled
Collected Files Count:    8764
Compiled Scopes Count:    4

    Disable Magento compilation:

$ php -f shell/compiler.php — disable
Compiler include path disabled

   Clear all compiled files

$ php -f shell/compiler.php — clear
Compilation successfully cleared

    Ensure that compiler is disabled now by checking its status:

$ php -f shell/compiler.php — state
Compiler Status:          Disabled
Compilation State:        Not Compiled
Collected Files Count:    0
Compiled Scopes Count:    0

   Flush Magento cache

Very often installation of new extensions with Compilation Mode enabled breaks your site. You cannot view the front-end and back-end. Nothing works. In this case the only solution is to disable Compilation Mode to get the site back to normal state.

1) Connect to your server using FTP Manager

2) Go inside „includes“ folder

3) Open the file „config.php“ for editing

4) Find the lines:

define(’COMPILER_INCLUDE_PATH’, dirname(__FILE__).DIRECTORY_SEPARATOR.’src’);
#define(’COMPILER_COLLECT_PATH’, dirname(__FILE__).DIRECTORY_SEPARATOR.’stat’);

and comment them out:

#define(’COMPILER_INCLUDE_PATH’, dirname(__FILE__).DIRECTORY_SEPARATOR.’src’);
#define(’COMPILER_COLLECT_PATH’, dirname(__FILE__).DIRECTORY_SEPARATOR.’stat’);

5) Save the changes.

Now you can get into your back-end. If you need to enable the Compilation mode again you should use „Run Compilation“ button and NOT just enable it again (as it will break your site again). Running it will compile all new files correctly.

or the other way

FTP/Filemanager/Filesystem

delete includes directory or rename it to any other name (_includes.unused for example):

ftp :~> mv ./includes ./includes.unused

Flush Magento cache

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Wie deaktiviert man korrekt Observer-Funktionen OHNE die Core-Module zu verändern?

6. Mai 2014 at 13:14

Schreibt ein eigenes Module, dort in der etc/config.xml ist es möglich über z.b. folgende Zeilen den Aufruf der Methode „initByRequest“ durch das Event controller_action_predispatch zu deaktivieren.

Wichtig dabei folgende Zeile zum deaktivieren des Events: <type>disabled</type>

    <frontend>
        <events>
            <controller_action_predispatch>
                <observers>
                    <log>
                        <class>log/visitor</class>
                        <method>initByRequest</method>
                        <type>disabled</type>
                    </log>
                </observers>
            </controller_action_predispatch>
		</events>
	</frontend>

Warum nicht direkt im core?

Durch saubere Trennung zwischen eigenem (veränderten) und core-code, ist eure Magento-Version weiterhin wartbar,
daher Updates (vor allem Security-Fixes) lassen sich einfacher einspielen.

Mit jeder direkten Änderung am core-code, verschlechtert sich die Wartbarkeit der Magento-Suite.

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Magento: Kunden-ID bei Bestellungen ändern / Bestellungen anderen Kunden zuweisen

19. November 2013 at 12:27

Möchtet ihr Bestellungen einen anderen Kunden zuweisen, ggf. weil die Bestellungen dem falschen Kunden zugewiesen sind (z.b. nach einer Datenmigration) so könnt ihr dies über die folgenden SQL-Statements erledigen:

UPDATE sales_flat_order SET customer_id = 949791 WHERE customer_id = 616151;
 UPDATE sales_flat_order_address SET customer_id = 949791 WHERE customer_id = 616151;
 UPDATE sales_flat_shipment SET customer_id = 949791 WHERE customer_id = 616151;
 UPDATE sales_flat_order_grid SET customer_id = 949791 WHERE customer_id = 616151;
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Robots.txt in Magento

5. März 2013 at 15:32

Die Robots.txt dient zur Steuerung der Webcrawler diverse Suchmaschinen, primär wird dort fest gelegt welche Seiten nicht gecrawlt werden sollen.

Magento hat viele Ordner und Dateien sowie Parameter/Filter, etc. welche nicht gescannt werden sollten, sei es aus Sicherheitsgründen als auch um das Duplicate Content Problen in den Griff zu bekommen:

## robots.txt for Magento Community and Enterprise

## GENERAL SETTINGS

## Enable robots.txt rules for all crawlers
User-agent: *

## Crawl-delay parameter: number of seconds to wait between successive requests to the same server.
## Set a custom crawl rate if you’re experiencing traffic problems with your server.
# Crawl-delay: 30

## Magento sitemap: uncomment and replace the URL to your Magento sitemap file
# Sitemap: http://www.example.com/sitemap/sitemap.xml

## DEVELOPMENT RELATED SETTINGS

## Do not crawl development files and folders: CVS, svn directories and dump files
Disallow: CVS
Disallow: .svn
Disallow: .idea
Disallow: .sql
Disallow: .tgz

## GENERAL MAGENTO SETTINGS

## Do not crawl Magento admin page
Disallow: /admin/

## Do not crawl common Magento technical folders
Disallow: /app/
Disallow: /downloader/
Disallow: /errors/
Disallow: /includes/
Disallow: /lib/
Disallow: /pkginfo/
Disallow: /shell/
Disallow: /var/

## Do not crawl common Magento files
Disallow: /api.php
Disallow: /cron.php
Disallow: /cron.sh
Disallow: /error_log
Disallow: /get.php
Disallow: /install.php
Disallow: /LICENSE.html
Disallow: /LICENSE.txt
Disallow: /LICENSE_AFL.txt
Disallow: /README.txt
Disallow: /RELEASE_NOTES.txt

## MAGENTO SEO IMPROVEMENTS

## Do not crawl sub category pages that are sorted or filtered.
Disallow: /*?dir*
Disallow: /*?dir=desc
Disallow: /*?dir=asc
Disallow: /*?limit=all
Disallow: /*?mode*

## Do not crawl 2-nd home page copy (example.com/index.php/). Uncomment it only if you activated Magento SEO URLs.
## Disallow: /index.php/

## Do not crawl links with session IDs
Disallow: /*?SID=

## Do not crawl checkout and user account pages
Disallow: /checkout/
Disallow: /onestepcheckout/
Disallow: /customer/
Disallow: /customer/account/
Disallow: /customer/account/login/

## Do not crawl seach pages and not-SEO optimized catalog links
Disallow: /catalogsearch/
Disallow: /catalog/product_compare/
Disallow: /catalog/category/view/
Disallow: /catalog/product/view/

## SERVER SETTINGS

## Do not crawl common server technical folders and files
Disallow: /cgi-bin/
Disallow: /cleanup.php
Disallow: /apc.php
Disallow: /memcache.php
Disallow: /phpinfo.php

## IMAGE CRAWLERS SETTINGS

## Extra: Uncomment if you do not wish Google and Bing to index your images
# User-agent: Googlebot-Image
# Disallow: /
# User-agent: msnbot-media
# Disallow: /

Verschiedene versionen der robots.txt pro domain/store per htaccess ausliefern – so geht’s

Mit hilfer der folgenden Einträge in der .htaccess-Datei könnt ihr anhand der Domain/Subdomain verschiedene robots.txt ausliefern:

 RewriteEngine on

RewriteCond %{HTTP_HOST} ^.*?domain2\.tld$ [NC]
RewriteRule ^robots\.txt$ robots.version1.txt

RewriteCond %{HTTP_HOST} ^.*?domain1\.tld$ [NC]
RewriteRule ^robots\.txt$ robots.version2.txt

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Magento: Was man alles mit Kategorien machen kann … – Categories in magento

20. Februar 2013 at 13:31

Kategorie neu laden anhand vorhandener Kategorie-ID

$category = Mage::getModel('catalog/category')->load(12);

Unterkategorien der Kategorie erhalten

$category->getChildren();

Beliebige Werte der aktuellen kategorie erhaltet ihr mit z.b.

$category->getId(); // the cat id
$category->getName(); // cat name
$category->getLevel(); // cat level
$category->getParentCategories(); // get parent categories

Den Kategorien Pfad im Store zur aktuellen Kategorie anzeigen lassen geht mit

$category->getPathInStore();

Alle Hauptkategorien (unterhalb der 0-Level-Default-Kategorie) anzeigen lassen

    public function getParentTopCategory($category = null)
    {
        if(is_null($category)) {
            return $category;
        }
        if($category->getLevel() == 2){
            return $category;
        } else {
            $parentCategory = Mage::getModel('catalog/category')->load($category->getParentId());
            return $this->getParentTopCategory($parentCategory);
        }
    }
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Magento: Einzelne EAV-Attribute speichern

25. Mai 2012 at 17:22

Möchtet ihr bei einem Produkt, Bestellung, oder ähnlich in Magento ein Attribute speichern, so geht das in der Regel wie folgt (Bsp. an einem Produkt):

// Produkt laden
$product = Mage::getModel("catalog/product")->load(123);
// Attribut ändern
$product->setTitle("Asdf");
// Produkt speichern
$product->save();

Allerdings funktioniert das Speichern nicht an jeder Stelle, hinzu kommt das bei dem obigen Beispiel jeweils das gesamte Produkt inkl. alle Werte gespeichert wird. Da das EAV-Model ein komplexes Konstrukt ist, kann der Speichervorgang unnötig viele Ressourcen verschwenden.

Deshalb ist das Speichern einzelner Attribute direkt über das Resource-Model die bessere Wahl.
Hier am Beispiel des Produktes:

// Produkt laden
$product = Mage::getModel("catalog/product")->load(123);
// Attribut ändern
$product->setTitle("Asdf");
// geändertes Attribute über das Resource-Model des Produktes speichern
$product->getResource()->saveAttribute($product, "title");

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